After the furniture and carpets (if applicable) are removed and any repairs needed are completed, the restoration process of the hardwood floor involves the followings steps:

Step 1: Prepare the floor and set up the equipment.
This step includes inspecting the floor for any protruding nails and countersinking them. Nails that protrude can damage the equipment and score the sandpaper which can lead to lines on the floor.

Step 2: Removing the existing finish.
The purpose of this step is to remove the old existing finish and reveal the raw wood. Two different machines are used in this process, the big belt sander and the edger.

Step 3: Vacuum.
The floor is vacuumed to remove the sanding dust from the top of the floor or in between the boards.

Step 4: Spot fill the gaps in the floor.
In order to enhance the look of the floor the gaps are filled with a color matching putty. If the floor has large gaps and a lot of movement (e.g. fir and pine floor) this step is skipped.

Step 5: Final sand with the belt sender and edger.
This sand is done with fine grit sandpaper and is used to eliminate the sanding scratches from the previous sanding.

Step 6: Buff the floor.
A rotary buffer with an abrasive screen is used to blend the difference between the belt sander’s straight sanding marks and the edger’s circular marks.

Step 7: Vacuum.
Same as step 3.

Step 8: First coat.
The first coat of oil base finish is applied with a roller.

Step 9: Buff the floor and then vacuum.

Step 10: Second coat.
The second coat is applied.

Step 11: Buff the floor and then vacuum.

Step 12: Third and final coat.
The last coat is applied.


If the floor is stained extra steps are required:

5.1 After the final sand (step 5) an orbital is used along the perimeter of the room in order to diminish the edger lines.
7.1 Stain the floor. The floor is stain using a white cloth.


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